Select all that apply. alexandria became: a. the center for cultural renewal. b. the first location

Select all that apply. alexandria became:
a. the center for cultural renewal.
b. the first location for greek tragedies and comedies.
c. where philosophers and scientists gathered and worked.
d. where philosophers taught that complaining was futile.
e. where herodotus would write his history on egypt.

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  1. a) The center for cultural renewal.

    c) Where philosophers and scientists gathered and worked.


    Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in Northern Egypt, on the Mediterranean Coast in 331 BCE. This city became the most important cultural and commercial node of the Mediterranean Sea and the most relevant city of the Hellenistic period, until the rise of the Roman Empire. Alexandria was the main center for the cultural renewal of the Ancient Greek world. The Library of Alexandria was the largest library in the world at that time, philosophers and scientists from diverse regions gathered in that city and worked on different studies in fields like medicine, astronomy, mathematics, literature, art, engineering, among many others. The Pharos of Alexandria was a large lighthouse built to help navigators to arrive at the port of Alexandria, but it was also a symbol of the light of wisdom and knowledge that Alexandria represented for the ancient world.

  2. Alexandria was an important city of the ancient world. For more than two thousand years, it was the largest city in Egypt and was its capital for almost half of that time. As an important trading post between Europe and Asia, it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. During its three earliest centuries, it was perhaps the leading cultural center of the world, home to people of different religions and different philosophies. It was once the center of the Hellenistic Empire, and the hub of scholarship and commerce in the ancient world. Greek scholars, Roman emperors, Jewish leaders, fathers of the Christian Church, mathematicians, philosophers, scientists, poets, and other intellectuals flocked to Alexandria. One of the main attractions was the Alexandrian Library and Museum.

    Alexandria was the intellectual capital of the world and famous for its extensive library, which in the 3rd century BC was said to contain 500,000 volumes. The Museum was a center of research, with laboratories and observatories, and had scholars such as Euclid and Eratosthenes working there. Alexandria was also a center for biblical studies. The chief librarian commissioned the Septuagint, which was the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament. Why did Alexandria become a destination for so many people of all races, creeds, and professions?

    As Michael Wood said, "it was the first city of the civilized world in size, elegance, riches, and luxuries,"(2) where one could obtain anything imaginable to fill the needs of the body and soul. Just as its famous Pharos Lighthouse was a welcome sight for weary travelers, Alexandria acted as a beacon for merchants, curious tourists, religious prophets, and most importantly, the finest intellectual minds of the times. Alexander the Great had a dream as he slept one night,(3) a vision in which he learned the location for his new megalopolis,(4) a capital for his empire. The small fishing village of Rhacotis was where Alexander could see the possibility of humanity coming together - people living together with tolerance for one another's cultural and religious ideologies; living a life of freedom.

    Just see what are the appropriate answers.

  3. Alexandria, a city in Egypt became the center for culture renewal where philosophers and scientists  gathered and worked in the field of many subjects.

    Alexandra the great founded this city in 332 BC and thus the name of this city is a gift of him. This city had its own importance until the rise of the Roman Empire due the cultural and commercial node of the Mediterranean coast.

    Alexandria is also witnessed for many innovations and studies in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, medicine, literature, art and engineering as this city had the world’s largest library of the ancient time.  

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