What must happen for water to boil at a given pressure?O A. The water molecules must become more orderly.O

What must happen for water to boil at a given pressure? O A. The water molecules must become more orderly.
O B. The water must gain thermal energy from its surroundings.
O C. The average kinetic energy of the water molecules must decrease.
D. The water must give off thermal energy to its surroundings.

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  1. B. The water must gain thermal energy from its surroundings.

    Explanation:

    Boiling is the process whereby a substance is changed from a liquid state to a gaseous state due to the application of heat. For boiling to be achieved, a liquid substance must reach or exceed its boiling point, which is the specific temperature at which a specific liquid boils.

    For this change of state i.e. from liquid to gas, to occur, atoms or molecules of the liquid must gain kinetic energy and move faster. However, this kinetic energy cannot be attained without a rise in temperature, which causes the molecules to gain THERMAL ENERGY or heat energy and move fast. Thermal energy is the energy that arises from a hot substance.

    Therefore, for water to boil at a given pressure, it must gain thermal energy from its external surroundings, which causes its molecules to have an increased kinetic energy and move faster. This fast movement of the molecules causes the transition of phases (from liquid to gas).

  2. The answer to your question really depends on three things: how much water you have, how cold it is to start out, and how cold the things around it are. water actually freezes when it gets to 32 degrees fahrenheit (0 degrees celsius), but the time it takes to get there may be different.  let's start with the first. if you take two glasses, and fill one with a tiny bit of water, and the other about halfway, then put them both in the freezer, the one with less water will freeze first (you can try this at home, but i recommend using plastic cups and not glass ones).  now let's move on to the second part. let's say you have two glasses, and you fill one with really cold water that has been in the refrigerator, and the other with really hot water from the sink. if you put both of them in the freezer, the one that started out colder will freeze first.  for the third part, let's imagine that you have two glasses with the same amount of water in them, and the water is at the same temperature. imagine putting one outside on a really really cold day in georgia, and having a friend in alaska put one outside on the same day. since it would be so much colder in alaska, the glass of water there would freeze before yours.  so, if you took a tiny bit of really cold water in a glass, and put it outside on a cold day in alaska, it would freeze a lot faster than a big glass of hot water outside on a cold day in georgia. 

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