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  1. 1. Is exercising influence.

    2. Reward power.

    3a. Referent power.

    3b. A, B and D.

    4a. Make people like you.

    4b. Reward the behaviors you want.

    5. A. The best managers use a variety of influence tactics.


    1. When a manager uses relationships and formal authority to cause other people in the organization to change their behavior, the manager is exercising influence.

    2. The homeroom teacher has reward power because she can choose to give the best-behaving students passes to the school library, which students find a more pleasant place to study than the classroom.

    3a. Jeffrey has 20 years of management experience, and he can answer any question. Because Jeffrey is one of the most knowledgeable managers in the company, people naturally follow his advice when making complicated decisions. The type of power used by Jeffrey is referent power.

    3b. The three (3) common sources of power are;

    I. Network of relationships.

    II. Personal effort.

    III. Information.

    4a. A real estate agent gets new clients by being known as a "good guy" whose clients trust and respect him. The type of influence principle here is, make people like you because he is termed a "good guy" meaning he his trustworthy, respectful and nice. Hence, people would like his personality and by extension be his clients.

    4b. A parent smiles at a child whenever the child is being quiet. In turn, the child is quiet more often. The type of influence principle used here is, reward the behaviors you want because the parent is happy that the child isn't crying or disturbing. Therefore, to reinforce the child's quietness; the parent smiles at the child.

    5. When discussing influence tactics with your managers, you should tell them that: the best managers use a variety of influence tactics. In order to be able to lead your subordinates effectively, efficiently and successfully as a manager, you will have to know how and when to use a variety of influence tactics such as rational persuasion, consultation, ingratiation, legitimating, pressure, personal appeals, coalitions, exchange and inspirational appeals depending on the context or situation.

    Hence, the more tactics you have as a manager, the higher your chances of achieving your influence goals.

  2. pseudoscience is used to describe something that may be reported or recorded as a product or real science, but actually there is no connection to proper scientific methodology and cannot be proven realistically. 

    Some examples are Ancient Astronauts and Crop Circles, Astrology, and Polygraphs and Hypnosis.

    I hope this helps 🙂

  3. Pseudoscience includes things like theories, beliefs, or practices that have been or are considered scientific, but have no basis in scientific fact. This could mean they were disproved scientifically, can not be tested or lack evidence to support them.

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